WASHINGTON —U.S. builders broke ground on the most new homes in nine years last month, a response to strong demand that should lift the economy.
Home construction soared 25.5 per cent to a seasonally adjusted 1.3 million in October, the Commerce Department said Nov. 17. That is the biggest gain since July 1982. New construction is also at the highest level since August 2007, months before the Great Recession began.
Americans are clamouring to buy homes, but there are few properties on the market. That has driven up prices. Mortgage rates remain low, however, making more homes affordable.
Steady hiring and some signs that pay gains are picking up have bolstered demand for housing. Younger Americans, buoyed by higher pay, are moving out on their own, renting apartments or seeking to buy houses. Sales of new and existing homes have picked up in recent months.
"With improved employment and income prospects, millennials are an expanding portion of housing demand, as they move out of their parents’ homes," David Berson, chief economist at Nationwide, said.
The increase was driven by a 75 per cent jump in apartment construction, a notoriously volatile category. That was the biggest gain in five years. Single-family home construction rose 10.7 per cent.
Still, the future is a bit cloudy for housing. Donald Trump’s victory in the presidential election has led to higher interest rates on 10-year bonds, a sign investors expect higher inflation in the coming years. Those increases should lift mortgage rates from their current very low levels. The average rate nationwide on a 30-year fixed mortgage last week was just 3.57 per cent.
Trump’s policies could affect housing in different ways. Restrictions on immigration could limit the supply of available workers for construction firms, which have already complained for years of labour shortages.
Yet Ralph McLaughlin, chief economist at data provider Trulia, points out that Trump could loosen regulations on banks and reform mortgage giants Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, potentially increasing the flow of credit.
Sales of new homes climbed 13 per cent in September from a year earlier. Yet the supply of new properties was equivalent to just 4.8 months of sales, down from 5.8 months a year ago.
And sales of existing homes bumped up 3.2 per cent in September from the previous month. But supply is tight there as well: The number of existing homes for sale was barely above two million, 6.8 per cent lower than a year earlier.
Those shortages are likely fuelling more construction. Homebuilding rose strongly last month in the Northeast, where new construction has lagged for months and is up just 2.2 per cent in the past year. The increase was also strong in the Midwest, followed by the West and South.
Applications for building permits, a good sign of future activity, barely rose to 1.23 million, the highest in a year. Still, that followed a much larger 6.3 per cent gain in the previous month.
Employers are adding an average of about 175,000 jobs a month, and the unemployment rate fell to a low 4.9 per cent in October. Average hourly pay rose in the past year by the fastest pace since before the recession began, boosting the confidence of would-be buyers.