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Stakeholders split on apprenticeship ratio reform

Don Wall
Stakeholders split on apprenticeship ratio reform

Supporters are hailing Premier Doug Ford’s government’s decision to simplify Ontario’s trades apprenticeship ratio system as a game-changer for the construction sector that will expand business opportunities and create thousands of new entry-level jobs in the trades.

Opponents, however, are warning the adoption of a 1:1 journeyperson-to-apprentice ratio across all trades will unleash untrained workers into workplaces, creating unsafe conditions, and charge the move is really just a mechanism to provide contractors with cheap labour.

“This is a great day for Ontario’s skilled workers and employers,” said Sean Reid, vice-president and Ontario regional director for the Progressive Contractors Association (PCA).

Immediately following the Oct. 23 introduction of the new Making Ontario Open for Business Act, PCA announced that several of its member employers had pledged to hire apprentices: Arthur Electric of Milton, Ont. promised to hire up to six, Cynergy Mechanical Limited in Etobicoke said it was adding five new employees, and Beckett Electrical of North York said it would hire five to eight apprentices.

Clive Thurston, president of the Ontario General Contractors Association (OGCA), praised the reform as opening up the apprenticeship system and giving more young people opportunities to participate.

“The apprenticeship ratio change is dramatic and something that has been sought for some time and should have a very positive effect on our ability to hire somebody and get them into the industry,” said Thurston.


A journeyperson can’t keep an eye constantly on an apprentice because he still has to do his job

— Dave Gardner

Heat and Frost Insulators Local 95


Critics such as Dave Gardner, business manager with the Heat and Frost Insulators Local 95, Patrick Dillon, business manager of the Provincial Building Trades and John Grimshaw, executive secretary treasurer with the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers council in Ontario, said the ratio decision was based on ideology, not evidence, with no consultation with trade union stakeholders.

“I would like to see the report where they came to the conclusion that 1:1 is where they need to go,” said Gardner.

“Where did they get the information from? From owner clients? Owner clients do not want people to be hurt on their jobsites. If you are flooding the jobsite with 100 fresh faces, that is a huge impact to the owner client, because now he has apprentices with no clue what’s going on, no health and safety training. A journeyperson can’t keep an eye constantly on an apprentice because he still has to do his job.”

Among the organizations issuing statements praising the legislation were the Residential Construction Council of Ontario, the Council of Ontario Construction Associations (COCA), the Ontario Electrical League (OEL), Merit Ontario, Ontario Skilled Trades Alliance (OSTA), Colleges Ontario and the Ontario Home Builders’ Association.

“This new bill will see hundreds if not thousands of young Ontarians start work in the skilled trades in the near future,” said OEL president Stephen Sell. His association conducted a survey of 127 of its members this summer that indicated 73 per cent would hire new apprentices if the apprenticeship ratio mandated by the Ontario College of Trades was eased.


This is reducing the barriers to entry into the trade

— Patrick McManus

Ontario Skilled Trades Alliance


The current ratio structure for electricians is 1:1 for the first through fourth apprentices — meaning there has to be one journeyperson on the job for each apprentice — then three additional journeypersons required for a fifth apprentice, six more for the next and three more for a seventh.

There are currently 33 trades subject to the ratios. Many are already at 1:1. Carpenters and insulators are both 1:1 then 3:1.

“This is reducing the barriers to entry into the trades,” said OSTA’s Patrick McManus. “There are a lot of people interested in getting into the trades and there are a lot of employers interested in hiring them but because of the way apprenticeship ratios were set up, they couldn’t hire them.”

Besides the changes to the apprenticeship ratios, the new legislation contains provisions to eliminate the College of Trades, roll back the planned $15 per hour increase in the minimum wage and undo worker benefits and improvements to working conditions contained in the Liberals’ Bill 148.

In announcing the legislation, Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities Merrilee Fullerton said one in five new jobs in the next five years will be in the trades.

“But in Ontario today, employers can’t find apprentices and apprentices can’t find jobs,” she said. “As far as we’re concerned, if you are prepared to do the work then you deserve a shot at the job.”

Commented Dillon, “It would appear that the government is listening to people that have the absolute worst track record in apprenticeships in the province, from training and retention and completion rate standards, and their safety record is abysmal.”

Grimshaw called the employers’ claims of more hiring “a shell game.” Employers will simply replace high-paid journeymen with low-paid apprentices, he said.

“You’ve got to ask yourself, why do they need to hire four more apprentices? Why doesn’t he hire four more journeyman? And the answer is, for the most part, they won’t hire four more journeymen because they don’t want to pay the rate.”

Dillon, McManus, David Frame of the OGCA and COCA’s Ian Cunningham all called for the Ford government to undertake consultation and research to ensure the trade skills gap is properly addressed.

“I am not sure this is a silver-bullet, quick fix for addressing the skills gap,” said Cunningham, COCA president. “I am not sure that for every trade in which there is a looming shortage there are people lined up at the door to get people into the skilled trades. So there is a good deal of promotion that has to be done to encourage young people to look at the trades seriously as a first-choice career option.”

“We are going to tell the government that they have to take an active role in recognizing the skills crisis that we are in and take a leading role in coordinating all aspect of the process including the educational system to deal with it,” said Frame.

The IBEW Ontario council and the Electrical Contractors Association of Ontario, partners in a Joint Electrical Promotion Plan, issued a joint statement calling for the Ontario government to ensure proper training and certification of electrical workers.

Recent Comments (6 comments)

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Benni Stegner Image Benni Stegner

If an employer expects any journeyman to take on more apprentices then the employer better make the journeyman a supervisor at an increased pay rate and perform less work on the job site. The only other choice is that all journeyman in Ontario boycott taking on any apprentice, there comes a time to push back, we have to go home at the end of the day to family and don’t want the death of an apprentice haunting the pillow for life. You don’t lower a standard to fill a marketplace void.

Kevin Adam Image Kevin Adam

Currently I believe that there are enough licensed journeypersons in the province of Ontario to perform the current workload, as well as the anticipated increases moving forward. We bring in new apprentices when the demand warrants. We are no where near a zero per cent unemployment rate in the construction sector for skilled trades. Part of being a tradesperson is the ability and necessity to go to the work. There are hundreds of electricians, pipe fitters, plumbers and tin smiths in southwestern Ontario who regularly travel several hours for work since the decline in manufacturing in this province occurred. The colleges that currently offer training to apprentices can barely meet current demand with classes becoming even larger. The ability to learn on the job from experienced workers is more critical now than ever before. To the contractors in the article, if you have work that can justify hiring that many new people after an announcement like the Ford government’s, then you have the ability to hire qualified people. All that these changes will do is flood the labour market in the short term with low paid workers. In three years, they will become too expensive based on the few skills they have learned, and will be let go to allow someone else to try. This cycle will continue, and either the first applicant’s will struggle to finish, or never get licensed. All these proponents are looking for is an increase in profits. Trades are good paying jobs and we have the best apprenticeship system in the world here in Canada. Don’t let Ontario screw it up.

Marv Breen Image Marv Breen

I would like to know when was the last time any of the praising parties actually set foot on a construction site let alone spent any time on one to experience just how fast your situation can change. The only people who will benefit from a 1-1 ratio will be employers in the form of cheap labour. I would have to wonder how long it would be seen as a benefit when the new cheap labour starts to incur accidents, W.S.I.B. claims and fatalities due to lack of training, safety training and supervision. I can’t imagine that the government would knowingly unleash unqualified trades persons on the public at large .There are very good reasons why the ratio is in place and why screening processes take place. The trades want young people that are willing to spend five years on average of their time to invest in their future and stay the course and get their C Of Q. The trades should not become a dumping ground for one who can’t find a job anywhere else.

Tom Image Tom

The only reason for this is cheap labour. Our skills that we have been taught by working with different journeyman or women will be lost causing higher injuries and fatalities at work. Is cheap labour worth a human life? I think not.

MR Image MR

I’d like to see some actual work done on getting more women involved in skilled trades. Thus far, its essentially been a poster campaign, with a couple of orgs offering women pre-apprenticeships once or twice in the past year or two. Women In Skilled Trades had a cut-off of 26 and only ran this summer. As a woman who has been trying to transition from another career into skilled trades, I’ve found it extremely difficult to find any way in.

Mike Daigle Image Mike Daigle

Dropping ratios is just a ridiculous idea. There are already too many untrained and unskilled people out there doing the jobs. This is just a ploy to allow the rich to get richer. There is NO shortage of trades people out there. That shortage is just made up by shoddy contractors not willing to pay decent wages.
The Ford government will do nothing but put Ontario back into the dark ages. And make the rich who he is for even richer.


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