Skip to Content
View site list

Profile

Economic

Latest State Population Statistics, Maps & Tables – Six Dark-Horse Winners

Alex Carrick
Latest State Population Statistics, Maps & Tables – Six Dark-Horse Winners

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released updated population counts for U.S. states. The date for the official numbers is always July 1 of any given year. Therefore, the latest figures are for July 1, 2018.  This article will first set out some of the highlights and then delve into the detail.

Latest State Population Statistics, Maps & Tables Graphic

Highlights:

(1) Whether year-over-year percentage changes in population are calculated for latest year, latest two years or latest three years, the same three states – Nevada, Idaho and Utah – have led the country.

(2) Over the past three years, two states have added more than one million residents each – Texas and Florida.

(3) Over the past three years, two states have experienced population declines of more than -100,000 each – Illinois and New York; over the past year, those same two states have seen their populations drop by more than -45,000 each.

(4) The latest one-year population change for the entire U.S. has been +0.62%, or +2.0 million people in nominal terms. From a construction point of view, it’s worth noting that an extra couple of million inhabitants is the equivalent of adding two new Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) to the landscape.

(5) During the latest year, the South and West Regions have tied for fastest population growth, +0.9% each; the Midwest (+0.2%) and Northeast (+0.1%) have experienced only minimal gains.

(6) During the latest year (July 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018), Florida was home to the greatest domestic migration, +133,000.

Detail:

Four states remain dominant in the U.S. for the population counts – California (39.6 million); Texas (28.7 million); Florida (21.3 million); and New York (19.5 million).

With respect to level of population, there is still considerable separation between the front four and fifth-place Pennsylvania (12.8 million), followed by sixth-place Illinois (12.7 million).

One in three Americans lives in one of the four frontrunners. But while Texas, California and Florida are continuing to add citizens, New York is not. New York has shed 119,000 residents over the past three years and nearly 50,000 over the past year alone.

In nominal terms, Texas has been adding more people than Florida over both the latest three years (+1.2 million vs. +1.1 million) and the latest year (+379,000 vs. +323,000). What’s also interesting, though, is that both Texas and Florida have had nominal increases about double what California has encountered.

In percentage terms, the ordering of the big four states has been Florida (+5.3%), Texas (+4.4%), California (+1.6%) and New York (-0.6%) over the past three years (i.e., from July 1, 2015 to July 1, 2018) and Florida (+1.5%), Texas (+1.3%), California (+0.4%) and New York (-0.2%) over the past single year (i.e., from July 1, 2017 to July 1, 2018).  

Comparing all states and D.C., Nevada (+5.8% over three years and +2.1% over one year), Idaho (+6.2% and +2.1%) and Utah (+6.0% and +1.9%) have been the brightest lights for population percentage change.

But those three states have relatively small population counts (i.e., slightly over 3.0 million for Utah and Nevada and a little less than 2.0 million for Idaho.) A smaller base makes it easier to achieve a larger percentage-change jump.

Dark-Horse Winners:

It’s the six states with nominal changes (either over the past three years or latest single year) just behind California in the rankings that warrant some special attention. Those six states are: Arizona (+123,000 in latest year), North Carolina (+113,000), Washington (+110,000), Georgia (+106,000), Colorado (+80,000) and South Carolina (+63,000). 

Those same six states are also within the Top 15 for percentage changes, whether it be over three years, two years or one year, with Arizona, Colorado and Washington especially strong.

Availability of jobs in cutting-edge/high-tech industries and/or more appealing weather are often the draws that attract population flows. (In turn, population increases translate into all manner of construction undertakings.)   

Moving to the opposite end of the spectrum, there have been nine states with population shrinkage over the past year: Mississippi (-0.1%); Wyoming, Louisiana and New York (each -0.2%); Hawaii and Alaska (each -0.3%); Illinois (-0.4%) and West Virginia (-0.6%).

There has been essentially no population change over the latest year in Connecticut, Kansas and Rhode Island.  

Maps and Tables:

Accompanying this article are two maps. The first map, with various shades of green (see legend), shows the 17 states, plus District of Columbia, where population growth over the latest three years has been greater than the total U.S. percentage change of +2.0%.

Map 1: U.S. Population – State Comparisons, Ranking by % Change, July 2015 to July 2018
(greater than the nation-wide rate of +2.0%)

Map 1: U.S. Population - State Comparisons, July 2015 to July 2018 (greater than the nation-wide rate of +2.0%)

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Graphic: ConstructConnect.

The second map, with various shades of blue and gray, shows the 33 states where the rate of population change over the past three years has been either equal to or less than the national figure of +2.0%.

Blue shadings in Map 2 are for states with three-year population changes lying between 0.0% and +2.0%. While advancing more slowly than the ‘green’ states in Map 1, they have still been on the positive side of the ledger.

Gray shadings in Map 2 are for states with negative population change over the latest three years.

Map 2: U.S. Population – State Comparisons, Ranking by % Change, July 2015 to July 2018
(equal to or less than the nation-wide rate of +2.0%)

Map 1: U.S. Population - State Comparisons, July 2015 to July 2018 (equal to or less than the nation-wide rate of +2.0%)

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Graphic: ConstructConnect.

Also appearing below are six tables ranking states by population levels, nominal changes (one-year and three-year) and percentage changes (one-year, two-year and three-year).

Tables: U.S. States – Population

Table 2: Ranking by Nominal Change −
Table 1: Ranking by Latest Level Latest 3 Years
July 1, 2015
July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2018
1 California 39,557,045 1 Texas 1,215,031
2 Texas 28,701,845 2 Florida 1,075,076
3 Florida 21,299,325 3 California 603,903
4 New York 19,542,209 4 Washington 372,048
5 Pennsylvania 12,807,060 5 North Carolina 350,541
6 Illinois 12,741,080 6 Georgia 338,364
7 Ohio 11,689,442 7 Arizona 338,050
8 Georgia 10,519,475 8 Colorado 243,457
9 North Carolina 10,383,620 9 South Carolina 191,874
10 Michigan 9,995,915 10 Tennessee 179,202
11 New Jersey 8,908,520 11 Utah 178,608
12 Virginia 8,517,685 12 Oregon 173,795
13 Washington 7,535,591 13 Nevada 165,726
14 Arizona 7,171,646 14 Virginia 154,778
15 Massachusetts 6,902,149 15 Minnesota 128,676
16 Tennessee 6,770,010 16 Massachusetts 106,258
17 Indiana 6,691,878 17 Idaho 102,685
18 Missouri 6,126,452 18 Indiana 83,582
19 Maryland 6,042,718 19 Ohio 71,592
20 Wisconsin 5,813,568 20 Michigan 63,342
21 Colorado 5,695,564 21 Maryland 56,001
22 Minnesota 5,611,179 22 Missouri 54,707
23 South Carolina 5,084,127 23 Wisconsin 52,162
24 Alabama 4,887,871 24 Kentucky 42,403
25 Louisiana 4,659,978 25 Nebraska 37,761
26 Kentucky 4,468,402 26 New Jersey 37,651
27 Oregon 4,190,713 27 Arkansas 35,418
28 Oklahoma 3,943,079 28 Alabama 34,711
29 Connecticut 3,572,665 29 Iowa 34,685
30 Utah 3,161,105 30 Oklahoma 33,248
31 Iowa 3,156,145 31 Montana 31,802
32 Nevada 3,034,392 32 South Dakota 28,302
33 Arkansas 3,013,825 33 District of Columbia 27,201
34 Mississippi 2,986,530 34 Delaware 25,758
35 Kansas 2,911,505 35 Pennsylvania 21,301
36 New Mexico 2,095,428 36 New Hampshire 20,164
37 Nebraska 1,929,268 37 Maine 9,920
38 West Virginia 1,805,832 38 North Dakota 6,055
39 Idaho 1,754,208 39 New Mexico 5,217
40 Hawaii 1,420,491 40 Kansas 2,003
41 New Hampshire 1,356,458 41 Rhode Island 1,142
42 Maine 1,338,404 42 Vermont 1,102
43 Montana 1,062,305 43 Alaska -109
44 Rhode Island 1,057,315 44 Hawaii -1,993
45 Delaware 967,171 45 Mississippi -2,163
46 South Dakota 882,235 46 Louisiana -4,873
47 North Dakota 760,077 47 Wyoming -7,931
48 Alaska 737,438 48 Connecticut -14,844
49 District of Columbia 702,455 49 West Virginia -36,164
50 Vermont 626,299 50 New York -119,202
51 Wyoming 577,737 51 Illinois -123,262

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Tables: ConstructConnect.

 

Table 3: Ranking by Nominal Change − Table 4: Ranking by % Change −
Latest Year Latest 3 Years
July 1, 2017 July 1, 2015
to July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2018
1 Texas 379,128 1 Idaho 6.2%
2 Florida 322,513 2 Utah 6.0%
3 California 157,696 3 Nevada 5.8%
4 Arizona 122,770 4 Florida 5.3%
5 North Carolina 112,820 5 Washington 5.2%
6 Washington 110,159 6 Arizona 4.9%
7 Georgia 106,420 7 Colorado 4.5%
8 Colorado 79,662 8 Texas 4.4%
9 South Carolina 62,908 9 Oregon 4.3%
10 Nevada 61,987 10 District of Columbia 4.0%
11 Tennessee 61,216 11 South Carolina 3.9%
12 Utah 57,987 12 North Carolina 3.5%
13 Virginia 52,478 13 Georgia 3.3%
14 Oregon 44,121 14 South Dakota 3.3%
15 Minnesota 43,024 15 Montana 3.1%
16 Massachusetts 38,903 16 Delaware 2.7%
17 Idaho 35,304 17 Tennessee 2.7%
18 Indiana 31,796 18 Minnesota 2.3%
19 Ohio 25,313 19 Nebraska 2.0%
20 Wisconsin 21,517 20 Virginia 1.9%
21 New Jersey 19,977 21 Massachusetts 1.6%
22 Michigan 19,468 22 California 1.6%
23 Missouri 17,840 23 New Hampshire 1.5%
24 Maryland 17,827 24 Indiana 1.3%
25 Pennsylvania 16,613 25 Arkansas 1.2%
26 Kentucky 14,528 26 Iowa 1.1%
27 Alabama 12,751 27 Kentucky 1.0%
28 Iowa 12,508 28 Maryland 0.9%
29 Nebraska 11,693 29 Wisconsin 0.9%
30 Arkansas 10,828 30 Missouri 0.9%
31 Oklahoma 10,439 31 Oklahoma 0.9%
32 Delaware 10,093 32 North Dakota 0.8%
33 Montana 9,215 33 Maine 0.7%
34 South Dakota 8,949 34 Alabama 0.7%
35 District of Columbia 6,764 35 Michigan 0.6%
36 New Hampshire 6,691 36 Ohio 0.6%
37 North Dakota 4,901 37 New Jersey 0.4%
38 Maine 3,341 38 New Mexico 0.2%
39 New Mexico 2,033 39 Vermont 0.2%
40 Vermont 1,774 40 Pennsylvania 0.2%
41 Rhode Island 829 41 Rhode Island 0.1%
42 Kansas 816 42 Kansas 0.1%
43 Wyoming -1,197 43 Alaska 0.0%
44 Connecticut -1,215 44 Mississippi -0.1%
45 Alaska -2,348 45 Louisiana -0.1%
46 Mississippi -3,133 46 Hawaii -0.1%
47 Hawaii -3,712 47 Connecticut -0.4%
48 Louisiana -10,840 48 New York -0.6%
49 West Virginia -11,216 49 Illinois -1.0%
50 Illinois -45,116 50 Wyoming -1.4%
51 New York -48,510 51 West Virginia -2.0%

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Tables: ConstructConnect.

 

Table 5: Ranking by % Change − Table 6: Ranking by % Change −
Latest 2 Years Latest Year
July 1, 2016 July 1, 2017
to July 1, 2018 to July 1, 2018
1 Idaho 4.2% 1 Nevada 2.1%
2 Nevada 3.9% 2 Idaho 2.1%
3 Utah 3.9% 3 Utah 1.9%
4 Washington 3.3% 4 Arizona 1.7%
5 Arizona 3.3% 5 Florida 1.5%
6 Florida 3.2% 6 Washington 1.5%
7 Colorado 2.8% 7 Colorado 1.4%
8 Texas 2.7% 8 Texas 1.3%
9 South Carolina 2.5% 9 South Carolina 1.3%
10 Oregon 2.4% 10 North Carolina 1.1%
11 District of Columbia 2.3% 11 Oregon 1.1%
12 South Dakota 2.2% 12 Delaware 1.1%
13 North Carolina 2.2% 13 South Dakota 1.0%
14 Georgia 2.1% 14 Georgia 1.0%
15 Montana 2.1% 15 District of Columbia 1.0%
16 Delaware 1.9% 16 Tennessee 0.9%
17 Tennessee 1.9% 17 Montana 0.9%
18 Minnesota 1.6% 18 Minnesota 0.8%
19 Virginia 1.3% 19 North Dakota 0.6%
20 Nebraska 1.2% 20 Virginia 0.6%
21 Massachusetts 1.1% 21 Nebraska 0.6%
22 New Hampshire 1.0% 22 Massachusetts 0.6%
23 California 0.9% 23 New Hampshire 0.5%
24 Indiana 0.9% 24 Indiana 0.5%
25 Arkansas 0.8% 25 California 0.4%
26 Iowa 0.8% 26 Iowa 0.4%
27 North Dakota 0.8% 27 Wisconsin 0.4%
28 Wisconsin 0.7% 28 Arkansas 0.4%
29 Kentucky 0.7% 29 Kentucky 0.3%
30 Missouri 0.6% 30 Maryland 0.3%
31 Maryland 0.6% 31 Missouri 0.3%
32 Maine 0.5% 32 Vermont 0.3%
33 Alabama 0.5% 33 Oklahoma 0.3%
34 Ohio 0.5% 34 Alabama 0.3%
35 Michigan 0.4% 35 Maine 0.3%
36 Vermont 0.4% 36 New Jersey 0.2%
37 Oklahoma 0.4% 37 Ohio 0.2%
38 New Jersey 0.4% 38 Michigan 0.2%
39 Pennsylvania 0.2% 39 Pennsylvania 0.1%
40 New Mexico 0.1% 40 New Mexico 0.1%
41 Rhode Island 0.0% 41 Rhode Island 0.1%
42 Kansas 0.0% 42 Kansas 0.0%
43 Mississippi -0.1% 43 Connecticut 0.0%
44 Connecticut -0.2% 44 Mississippi -0.1%
45 Louisiana -0.4% 45 Wyoming -0.2%
46 New York -0.5% 46 Louisiana -0.2%
47 Hawaii -0.5% 47 New York -0.2%
48 Alaska -0.5% 48 Hawaii -0.3%
49 Illinois -0.7% 49 Alaska -0.3%
50 Wyoming -1.1% 50 Illinois -0.4%
51 West Virginia -1.4% 51 West Virginia -0.6%

Data source: U.S. Census Bureau.
Tables: ConstructConnect.

Recent Comments

Your comment will appear after review by the site.

You might also like